PERSPECTIVE: Contemporary Technique and Practice Confer Clinical Success and QoL Benefit for CTO PCI
The results show a dramatic decrease in angina frequency that was sustained at 1 year, researchers reported at SCAI.
SAN DIEGO, CA—A contemporary trial of CTO PCI with a zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES) has shown good late-term outcomes, with improvements in health status and quality of life (QoL) at 1 year.
“It’s notable that these results are presently under review by the Food and Drug Administration for a potential expanded indication for this drug eluting stent,” said David Kandzari, MD (Piedmont Heart Institute, Atlanta, GA), in a press conference prior to the presentation today at the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions 2018 Scientific Sessions.
Data from the study, known as PERSPECTIVE, show a dramatic and sustained decrease in daily or weekly angina scores from 40% at baseline to 2% by 1 year. Kandzari noted that the improvements in health status were seen in both observer- and patient-reported outcomes and that the study was intended to be as representative as possible of an all-comers population.
The findings differ from those of the recent DECISION-CTO trial, the first and only randomized trial of CTO revascularization versus optimal medical therapy (OMT) in stable patients. Not only did the overall results prove to be a disappointment for supporters of CTO PCI when they showed similar MACE rates at 3 years regardless of whether patients received OMT alone or in addition to CTO PCI (19.6% vs. 20.6%; P = 0.008 for noninferiority), there also was no difference in QoL measures, including Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) scores. However, in the EURO CTO trial, which was designed to look at QoL, angina frequency at 12 months was improved with CTO PCI compared with OMT (P = 0.009) and Canadian Cardiovascular Society angina scores also were better (P < 0.001).
Real-World Population Sees High Rate of Success
PERSPECTIVE was a single-center study of approximately 500 consecutive patients who underwent attempted CTO revascularization. The study included two cohorts: a retrospective group of 250 patients who were consented following their procedure and a prospectively treated group of 250 patients. Of the latter group, 183 patients were treated with a ZES (Resolute, Medtronic) and formed the basis of the analysis presented here at SCAI.
In an attempt to conform as closely as possible to a real-world CTO population, there were no restrictions on patient enrollment with regard to lesion length or treatment strategy (antegrade, retrograde, hybrid, atherectomy, etc), LVEF, recent MI, or renal function, Kandzari noted. Approximately 35% had diabetes, 33% had prior MI, 79% had class III/IV angina, and 27% had prior bypass surgery. The right coronary artery was the most common site of lesions, with lesion lengths averaging 92.6 mm and approximately 80% of patients having occlusion lengths > 20 mm.
Procedural success, defined as < 50% diameter stenosis and TIMI flow > 2, was achieved in 97.2% of patients. Clinical success, defined as procedural success plus the absence of in-hospital MACE, was achieved in 95.5%. CTO PCI was associated with reductions in residual SYNTAX score, indicating completeness of revascularization.
At 1 year, the rate of clinically driven TLR was low (1.7%), as was the rate of cardiac death (1.7%). Overall mortality was 2.9%. MACE events as defined by the protocol occurred in 6.9%. In addition to the decreases in angina frequency, mean SAQ scores were significantly increased from baseline at 1 year in all domains (physical limitation, angina frequency, QoL, and summary score).
Following the presentation, panelist Nigel Jepson, MBBS (Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, Australia), asked how consent was handled in the study given the high risk.
Kandzari said his institution has a specific consent form for CTO patients that outlines the risk. Additionally, he noted that the study operators in PERSPECTIVE worked in teams that allow for combined review of strategy and approach with each case.
“The majority of the procedures were done with two interventionalists, and I think that yields a lot of the advantage with regard to having an extra set of hands and an extra mind in terms of when to proceed and when to hold back,” he noted.
Kandzari D. Procedural, clinical and health status outcomes in chronic total coronary occlusion revascularization with zotarolimus-eluting stents: results from the PERSPECTIVE trial. Presented at: SCAI 2018. April 26, 2018. San Diego, CA.
- Kandzari reports consulting fees/honoraria from Biotronik, Boston Scientific, Medtronic Cardiovascular, and Cardinal Health.